Who Said That Women are Inferior to Men?

The stereotype that men are smarter than women has a long history, but in the battle of the sexes, who actually has the superior intellect when it comes down to it? Are boys smarter than girls?

 

Early studies showed that male brains are eight to thirteen percent larger in volume than female brains. However, this has been attributed to differences in body size, women’s brains have more diversification or brain folding, and as a result, a greater cortical surface area, besides, bigger isn’t always better, sperm whales, elephants, and dolphins all have larger brains than humans and while they are smart, their cognitive abilities are less than our own. There are other structural differences though like males having more connections within hemispheres, while women have more connections between hemispheres, but overall MRI brain imaging shows significant overlap in the physical structure between the sexes, after studying 1400 brains and comparing the sexes, researchers found that mostly all men and women show a mosaic of female and male typical structures in the brain. The study also evaluated the gender stereotypical behaviors, like how video games are often considered male behavior, or scrapbooking is female, and the results found only 0.1 percent of test subjects  displayed only male or only female typical behaviors. Test on intelligence find similar results with major IQ studies showing negligible or no *** differences in general intelligence, but do show women having stronger verbal abilities while men show stronger visual spatial abilities. Interestingly, studies show more male variance in test with their scores being both the worst and the best. One meta-analysis of 22 studies did find men to be 3.3-5.5 IQ points above women, but this study has been called into question by academics who found the methodology flaws. In academic performance of language, math and science, women consistently receive better grades in seventy percent of nations, but on SAT testing in the US, men score 33 points higher in math and science, other tests like the program for international students assessment show both sexes performing equally in several countries, with girl’s performing better and some like Iceland and not necessarily biological differences at play.

 

But researchers found that stereotypes about women’s performance actually impact how well they do. When told that a particular math test had significant gender differences, women performed significantly worse than their male peers, while women who were told there was no difference, scored the same. This phenomenon is known as the stereotype threat. Even Google search data shows that parents are 2.5 times more likely to search “is my son gifted” than “is my daughter gifted”. Despite eleven percent more girls in gifted programs in America, and girls pick up on these biases as early as six years old, when told the story at age five about a person who is really really smart, both boys and girls associate intelligence with their own gender, but by age 6, both girls and boys picked a male character as the smartest. In a similar experiment, kids were asked if they wanted to play a game for people who are really really smart, and again at age five, both sexes wanted to play, but by age six, girls had decided these games weren’t for them, and though women do strive to work in stem fields, studies show they face barrier, in a double bind studies, science faculty from research universities rated application for a lab manager position, what they didn’t know is that the applications were randomly assigned either male or female names. As a result, faculty perceived the male applicant names to be significantly more competent, hireable and deserving of mentoring, even though the applications with female names were identical. Males were also offering higher starting salaries, an average of 30,000 verses the female’s 26,000. So these studies present a sobering reality, research does point to greater equality between the sexes with passing decades and education. And in spite of these barriers, women continue to contribute to our collective scientific knowledge.

 

Rosalind Franklin allowed us to understand our own DNA, Katherine Johnson help Apollo 11 land on the moon, and this year, Maryam Mirzakhani is the first women to win a Nobel Prize for Mathematics.

 

Fellow mathematician Isabella Laba said “Mirzakhani’s selection does exactly nothing to convince me that women are capable of doing mathematical research at the same level as men.

 

I have never had any doubt about that in the first place……

 

What I take from it instead is that we as a society, men and women alike, are becoming better at encouraging and nurturing mathematical talent in women, and more capable of recognizing excellence in women’s work.”

 

Well, this is the end of the article, thank you for taking the time to read the article, i hope that it was helpful, hope that you learn something from it, thank you very much!

 

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