Fuel Cells Market: Government Policies against Carbon Emissions Driving Demand, reports TMR
Global fuel cells market comprises only five manufacturers who hold 99.5% of the revenue share, finds Transparency Market Research (TMR) in a new study. The industry is dominated by FuelCell Energy, Inc. and Plug Power, Inc. who collectively hold 51.9% of the revenue share while Ballard Power Systems Inc., SFC Energy AG, and Hydrogenics Corporation are the other leading manufacturers. With wide distribution networks, manufacturers are leveraging their brand name and focusing mergers and acquisitions to gain additional market share. A case in point would be FuelCell Energy, Inc. The company recently announced its 20-year long-term contract with Pfizer Inc., one of the world’s largest biopharmaceutical companies, for the development of 5.6 mega-watt fuel cell project in Connecticut, U.S.
The revenue of the global fuel cells market stood at US$3.59 bn in 2015 and is expected to reach US$27.25 bn by 2024 at a CAGR of 23.64%.
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By Application, Stationary Applications of Fuel Cells Have Strong Demand
By application, the market for fuel cells has been segmented into stationary, portable, and transport. Out of these, stationary application of fuel cells, such as CHP and backup power systems, dominate the market for fuel cells. Stationary fuel cells alone had a market share of 64.82% in 2015. Portable applications include electronic goods such as laptops, tablets, mobiles, and cameras. The report states that the use of fuel cells in the transportation sector is very moderate.
Geographically, North America forms the key market for fuel cells with a revenue share of 21.69% in 2015 but rapid population growth in emerging regions, especially Asia Pacific, is expected to create fresh opportunities for the market in the East.
On the flip side, the demand for fuel cells is affected by the prevailing prices of fossil fuels such as coal, crude oil, and natural gas. However, harmful emissions caused by the usage of fossil fuels make fuel cells a very promising technology for the future.
Government Policies against Carbon Emissions Opening up Opportunities for Fuel Cells
Environmental concerns associated with the soaring levels of carbon emissions, to which conventional batteries contribute, have forced governments to make policies and regulations that are encouraging the take up of fuel cells. Fuels cells are now gaining popularity as the preferred choice for back-up power in commercial organizations and homes. Rapid population growth, high dependence on fossil fuels, increasing electricity demand, and high awareness about clean energy across different countries are other main drivers for the market for fuel cells. Moreover, fuel cells also have high energy density than conventional batteries which is expected to attract future buyers.
High Switching Costs Hindering Growth of Fuel Cells Market
Fuel cells come at a high initial cost that not all potential buyers are willing to invest in. Moreover, a very high degree of research and development is required as the market is still in its initial phase. Due to these factors, only companies with large funds and relevant knowledge can enter this market. These factors will likely stand in the way of the overall growth of the global fuel cells market, the report further states.
Key Segments of the Fuel Cells Market
Fuel Cells Market: By Type
- Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC)
- Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFC)
- Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC)
Fuel Cells Market: By Application
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