Why Birth Control Pills are bad for Your Mouth
There are a lot of people who are suffering some form of gum disease. It is one of the most prevalent non-communicable chronic disease in the world. Gum disease can cause inflammation, tooth loss, bad breath and more. There is a link that connects dental health to general health. For instance, periodontitis is often associated with stroke, osteoporosis, heart disease, pregnancy complications and diabetes. There are many factors that cause gum diseases such as smoking, poor oral hygiene and stress. But fluctuating hormones can also be the culprit to gum disease.
Predictably, women pose a greater risk for developing dental problems and other conditions related to them because of their hormones. Oral contraceptives that increase estrogen and/or progesterone that prevents pregnancy can affect your oral health. The increased estrogen levels can stimulate blood flow in the mouth and can change how the gum tissue reacts to the irritants present in tartar. This causes the gums to be tender, red, swollen and prone to bleeding, which can lead to gum disease. The elevation of estrogens can certain changes in the blood vessels of the gums which make them vulnerable to the effects of bacteria present in the mouth.
In a study where women aged 20-35 who are current pill users who deeper gum gaps, bleeding sites upon examination and more severe tooth attachment loss compared to non-pill users. This concluded that women who currently use bill control pills have poorer dental health. In another study, the average gum destruction level was extensively higher in women who are on birth control pills compared to those who use other types of birth control methods.
But in some cases, the significant changes in the gums are observed in the first few months of taking the oral contraceptives and since the latest birth control pills have a much lower concentration of hormones, its impact on the dental health are much less than what they were before. It is recommended by numerous experts to opt for pills with lower progesterone content.
Because of this development in the interplay between gum disease and hormones, dentists closely examine their client’s history, habits and in this case if there are taking birth control pills as a way to take necessary steps to prevent gum disease. It is highly recommended to know if they are taking oral contraceptives since it can lower the effectivity of certain antibiotics.
In the end, there’s only so much that the dentist can do. Ultimately, it is your responsibility to be proactive for your own oral and overall health. In cases of gum disease, through treatment is important as well as proper dental care routine.